The origin of wood and the wood species used are the main elements of interest in various legislations regulating wood imports of wood and wood fiber containing products.

The wood species typically used in Northern Bleached Softwood Kraft (NBSK) pulps are spruce and pine species derived from the forests in the northern Europe and North America.

Northern hardwood pulps (NBHK) use primarily birch, while the most dominant hardwood pulp in the world is eucalyptus (BEKP) grown in plantations.

The EU Timber Regulation (EUTR), the US Lacey Act and the Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Regulation govern the legality of wood in the respective geographies.

Traceability of wood to its origin is a key element in assuring sustainability in the supply chain for every EPIS member.